A) Teeth whitening:
Majority of the population would like to have whiter teeth. One of the way to achieve this teeth whitening is through Simple and safe procedure called dental bleaching. Today, advanced bleaching procedures lighten and brighten the teeth and are tough on stains but gentle on teeth.
Two types of bleaching techniques –
- Home Bleaching procedure involves the use of a dental device (customised bleaching tray). These can be worn by patients with a gel provided by dentist to attain desired shade.
- In-office bleach is relatively a quick procedure in which a gel is applied by a dentist and is light-activated to achieve desired shade. Treatments like these give rapid, controlled and predictable results.
B) Tooth coloured filling:
Tooth coloured filling composites are best material for restoring small region of decay in most teeth often called white filling too distinguish them from dark filling amalgam. These materials produce a very good cosmetic result. They are an attractive and durable alternative to silver filling.
C) Smile makeover:
First impression is the last impression! It can influence your personality in a society. Smile is the best asset to boost your impression and is the first thing noticed by others. With advanced dental material and technique, we can help you attain the smile you always wanted. The colour, contour and alignment of teeth can be altered.
They have the potential to enhance your smile without invasive treatment. Ultra thin porcelain veneers or composite veneers can correct chipped/weakened/discoloured teeth. They are custom made to fit over your natural tooth with a finish more translucent to blend in with surrounding teeth.
E) Dental jewellery:
It’s a latest fashion craze. Readymade tooth jewellery is available at an affordable cost. Procedure takes 10 minutes and is completely painless. The jewellery is just cemented on to your tooth. Design and colour can be changed several times and even reversed back to your original smile.
A) Cement filling:
Shallow cavities often initiate tooth ache. Early diagnosis of any pain or soreness within or around a tooth indicating inflammation and possible infection can help us restore it with simple, non-Invasive procedure, like cement filling.
B) Root canal treatment:
Also known as endodontic procedure, that involves removal of infected nerve tissue that lies within the root of tooth. It is infected pulp that causes an abscess. An opening is created in top of the tooth painlessly under local anaesthesia and infected pulp is removed. This is followed by shaping of canal in order to accept a special root canal filling material (gutta percha points) to prevent possible future infection. The tooth will then need a post and core or a crown in order to re establish normal form and function.
A) Missing teeth: There are 3 options for replacement
- Removable denture: A plastic or metal plate carrying artificial teeth
- Fixed bridge: A set of three or more artificial teeth cemented onto and borrow support from adjacent natural teeth.
- Implant: It acts as an artificial root that is implanted (placed) in missing tooth region of your jaw and then artificial tooth is placed on it. It is a fixed prosthesis and feels just like your own teeth. Dental implant is more teeth-saving than traditional bridgework; since it does not rely on neighbouring teeth for support.
B) Badly damaged tooth: Dental crown
Badly damaged teeth can be successfully restored with a dental crown. A tooth shaped covering made up of metal, ceramic or zirconium are amongst the multiple treatment options. It helps in retaining strength and function to eliminate discomfort.
Painful reaction in one or more tooth triggered by hot, cold sweet or sour food and drink and sometimes even air is called sensitivity. Pain can be sudden and deep into the tooth. Apart from cavity or missing filling, the most common cause of sensitivity is exposed dentin (inner layer of tooth) which can be treated by various methods like:
- White filling to cover exposed surface.
- Fluoride varnish applied to exposed root surfaces.
The other reason of sensitivity could be:-
- cracked tooth
- grinding your teeth
All these can be corrected by appropriate dental procedure depending upon the condition.
Straightening of teeth make a difference and ultimately make or break your chances of getting certain opportunities.
Children and adults having teeth that are protruded or crowded or spaced are corrected by a specialist. Orthodontists align your teeth naturally by using small tools called braces and make your smile pleasant and attractive. Braces are one thing that you can choose for your kids to ensure their dental health throughout their lifetime. As straight teeth are much easier to clean preventing future gums diseases and decay.
There are different type of braces depending upon the condition and patient choice.
- traditional metal
- self ligating brackets
- lingual braces
- Invisible aligners.
The final choice is combination of your preference and orthodontist recommendation for your kind of problem.
First dental check up: Childs first dental examination should be done around 6 months after first tooth comes in or at first birthday. First cleaning with fluoride treatment should be done around the age of 3 years.
Milk teeth: They play an important role in alignment and spacing of permanent teeth. Milk teeth are like babies, they need special care and protection. Any problem with milk teeth can be treated under special care by a dentist. Milk tooth decay and hygiene should never be ignored.
Thumb sucking: It is a common habit with children under 3 and it is associated with the need to seek food. 30% of preschool children continue the habit which can be harmful in following ways
- teeth grow out of alignment and position.
- upper front teeth will flare out
- lower teeth will move inward and many other problems.
Breaking the habit before permanent teeth comes in is very important. Dentist will not only explain your child the adverse effects of thumb sucking but also encourage him/her quit the habit. Orthodontic appliances are extremely effective habit breakers to help child stop sucking their thumb.
Gum disease: – If gums surrounding teeth are red, swollen and bleed easily on touching or during brushing it’s a warning sign of gum diseases and require immediate attention by dentist. Gum diseases destroy jaw bone and tissue supporting the teeth. This causes loosening of teeth leading to a condition commonly known as pyorrhoea. It can be treated by improved oral care and a professional cleaning called scaling. If left untreated, patient can lose his/her tooth at an early age.
Hence, the conditions like bleeding gums, bad breath and loose tooth are signs of gum diseases which should be reported to the dentist as early as possible.
The third molar tooth popularly known as wisdom tooth erupts during the adulthood i.e. 18-25 years of age.
It might erupt completely or partially or sometimes remain inside the gum pushing neighbouring tooth due to less space (Impaction). Food debris might accumulate frequently. Multiple problems can arise due to wisdom tooth position. If required, it can be extracted carefully with utmost specialised care.
A) Fluoride application:
Fluoride is natural element that is applied topically to outer surface of tooth (i.e. enamel) to make them more durable. Teeth become stronger and more resistant to acid attack.
B) Pit and fissure sealant:
On chewing surface of back teeth are deep pit and groves called fissure. They are so narrow that even tooth brush cannot clean them. This leads to bacterial growth and thereby causing decay. A sealant is a resin material applied to pit and fissure of back teeth which act as a barrier, protecting enamel from bacterial plaque in cavity prone zone. Children are more susceptible to tooth decay than adults and should have their back teeth sealed as soon as the teeth grow fully. It is a quick easy and painless procedure.
Removal of plaque (soft food debris), tartar (hard deposit) and stain by dental instrument is called scaling. Person should undergo professional cleaning 2 times in a year. The food deposit and tartar if left unclean can lead to bad breath, swollen gum, bleeding gum, loose tooth and severe infection. Scaling help in achieving desired hygiene and improve health of teeth.
D) Oral hygiene tips:
- Visit dentist once in six month for checkups and cleaning. We are trained to see the hidden problems which you can’t.
- Floss your teeth once every day; as it reaches many areas where your brush cannot.
- It is important to eat a balanced diet and avoid excess snacking especially sticky, sweet things.
- Keep an eye on gum for sign of gum diseases. Gum that bleed or persistent bad breath are early sign of gum problem.
- Brush your teeth carefully twice daily especially after dinner before bedtime.
The extensive use of lasers in all the fields is evident everywhere. Even dentistry isn’t left untouched from the benefits of lasers. A dental laser is used instead of sharp instruments to operate surgical procedures painlessly in a hygienic bloodless field. This reduces the need of anaesthesia, post operative complications & minimises the time required for healing.